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Cicer arietinum (chickpea)


Chickpea is a member of the galegoid (cool-season) legume clade. This annual grain legume crop is cultivated in both northern temperate regions (e.g. the north-west U.S. or south-central Canada), and in arid and semi-arid areas of the developing world. Chickpea is valuable as a highly versatile and nutritious pulse.

Of Special Interest

See the LIS chickpea browser, showing assembly 1.0 of the international chickpea genome sequencing consortium. Also see chickpea transcriptome assemblies and related resources on the LIS Medicago genome browser, transcriptome assemblies and resources at the Cool Season Food Legume Database, and chickpea research highlighted at KnowPulse.

NCBI taxon3827
GRIN taxon10535
Pollination typeSelf

Wikipedia entry

Genome Summary

Chromosomes2n = 2x = 16
Genome size~740 (Mbp)
Chloroplast genome size125 (kbp)
Chloroplast NCBI accession numberNC_011163


BAC library and clonesSee linked document to order clonesLinkout »
Transcriptome assemblyDescribed in Hiremath, Farmer, Cannon et al., 2011Linkout »
Transcriptome assemblyC. arietinum ICC4958; Desi; hybrid assembly of 454 and short-read sequences. 34,760 contigs. Source: http://www.nipgr.res.in/ctdb.html ; reference: Garg et al., 2011, DNA Res, 18, 53-63Linkout »
Transcriptome assemblyC. arietinum ICCV2; Kabuli ; hybrid assembly of 454 and short-read sequence data. 43,389 contigs. Linkout »
Transcriptome assemblyC. reticulatum PI489777; Wild ; assembly of 454 data with Newbler followed by TGICL; 37,265 contigs; Source: http://www.nipgr.res.in/ctdb.htmlLinkout »
Transcriptome assemblyC. arietinum ICC4958; short-read assembly of single and paired Illumina reads, using velvet and then oases; 53,409; source: http://www.nipgr.res.in/ctdb.htmlLinkout »
Unigene/EST assemblyESTs from NCBI, assembled to 14,486 unigenes (3,768 contigs + 10,718 singletons), using TGICL; assembly description: http://www.nipgr.res.in/ctdb.htmlLinkout »

Reference Data

Genome1.0 genome assembly and gene models (annotations), CDC Frontier genotypeICGGC/ICRISATDownload »
Transcript Assembly2.0 transcriptome assembly derived from multiple genotypesICRISAT/LISDownload »

Selected References

Current publications on Cicer arietinum at PubMed.

Varshney RK, Song C, Saxena RK, Azam S, Yu S, Sharpe AG, Cannon S, Baek J, Rosen BD, Tar'an B, Millan T, Zhang X, Ramsay LD, Iwata A, Wang Y, Nelson W, Farmer AD, Gaur PM, Soderlund C, Penmetsa RV, Xu C, Bharti AK, He W, Winter P, Zhao S, Hane JK, Carrasquilla-Garcia N, Condie JA, Upadhyaya HD, Luo MC, Thudi M, Gowda CL, Singh NP, Lichtenzveig J, Gali KK, Rubio J, Nadarajan N, Dolezel J, Bansal KC, Xu X, Edwards D, Zhang G, Kahl G, Gil J, Singh KB, Datta SK, Jackson SA, Wang J, Cook DR. Draft genome sequence of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) provides a resource for trait improvement. Nat Biotechnol. 2013 Jan 27. doi: 10.1038/nbt.2491.

Garg R, Patel RK, Jhanwar S, Priya P, Bhattacharjee A, Yadav G, Bhatia S, Chattopadhyay D, Tyagi AK, Jain M. Gene discovery and tissue-specific transcriptome analysis in chickpea with massively parallel pyrosequencing and web resource development. Plant Physiol. 2011 Jun 8. [Epub ahead of print].

Hiremath PJ, Farmer A, Cannon SB, Woodward J, Kudapa H, Tuteja R, Kumar A, Bhanuprakash A, Mulaosmanovic B, Gujaria N, Krishnamurthy L, Gaur PM, Kavikishor PB, Shah T, Srinivasan R, Lohse M, Xiao Y, Town CD, Cook DR, May GD, Varshney RK. Large-scale transcriptome analysis in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), an orphan legume crop of the semi-arid tropics of Asia and Africa. Plant Biotechnol J. 2011 May 25. doi: 10.1111/j: 1467-7652.2011.00625.x. [Epub ahead of print]

Gujaria N, Kumar A, Dauthal P, Dubey A, Hiremath P, Bhanu Prakash A, Farmer A, Bhide M, Shah T, Gaur PM, Upadhyaya HD, Bhatia S, Cook DR, May GD, Varshney RK. Development and use of genic molecular markers (GMMs) for construction of a transcript map of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Theor Appl Genet. 2011 May; 122(8): 1577-89.

Nayak SN, Zhu H, Varghese N, Datta S, Choi HK, Horres R, Jüngling R, Singh J, Kishor PB, Sivaramakrishnan S, Hoisington DA, Kahl G, Winter P, Cook DR, Varshney RK. Integration of novel SSR and gene-based SNP marker loci in the chickpea genetic map and establishment of new anchor points with Medicago truncatula genome. Theor Appl Genet. 2010 May; 120(7): 1415-41.

Varshney RK, Hiremath PJ, Lekha P, Kashiwagi J, Balaji J, Deokar AA, Vadez V, Xiao Y, Srinivasan R, Gaur PM, Siddique KH, Town CD, Hoisington DA. A comprehensive resource of drought- and salinity- responsive ESTs for gene discovery and marker development in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). BMC Genomics. 2009 Nov 15; 10: 523.

Aluko RE. Determination of nutritional and bioactive properties of peptides in enzymatic pea, chickpea, and mung bean protein hydrolysates. J AOAC Int. 2008 Jul-Aug; 91(4): 947-56.